Nursery Garden of Telšiai State Forest Enterprise is Becoming More Modern

18 April 2016

When implementing the EEA funded project No. EEE-LT03-AM-01-K-01-008 “Creating a biomass composting mechanism for preserving biodiversity in NATURA 2000 areas“ in Žemaitija National Park and Reiškiai State Telmological Reserve, 192 ha of neglected valuable grasslands and wetlands have been restored this year. Almost all meadows, pastures and wetlands are located in the state forest land, thus the main project partner is Telšiai State Forest Enterprise (VĮ “Telšių miškų urėdija”). When preparing the project application together with Telšiai State Forest Enterprise, it was planned to install a composting site in Patausalė nursery and using the equipment which was purchased during the project to produce compost from the biomass mowed. Unfortunately, the project fell into the reserve list and received reduced funding which was not enough for the composting site installation. During the said project, which took fourteen months, the equipment was purchased not only for open spaces mowing, biomass collection, transport, but also for production of compost. A composting site project was also developed area and the project expertise was carried out. With the equipment project purchased from the project funds, all biomass was mowed, and approximately 900 tons were brought back to the nursery located in Patausalė village of Telšiai State Forest Enterprise. There, it was loaded into large cones, and now it is being waited for any funds provided for installing the composting site.

To be sure that compost is necessary for growing trees one must visit Patausalė nursery. It was started in 1999. In 2005 after merging Telšiai and Plungė nurseries, third-generation forester Eugenijus Barniškis was appointed nursery director, and he has been working as the nursery director since then.

Currently, Patausalė nursery covers an area of more than 60 hectares; it has about 1.5 million seedlings. The main types: spruce, pine, birch, alder, oak, linden, larch, hornbeam, maple. To increase forest biodiversity, European crab apple trees, pear-trees, mountain ashes, thorns, hawthorns are grown, which are necessary to plant to maintain forest bird survival.

Each year, 1-1.5 billion seedlings are sold. It is an impressive figure, but Eugenijus Barniškis says that six years ago 10 million seedlings were grown, 2.5 million of them were sold. A demand for seedlings has decreased due to the fact that planting seedlings in free, inappropriate for farming agricultural lands was finished, now forests are being restored after deforestation.

We are inclined to hope that the composting site for regionally important and promising Patausalė nursery will be installed by receiving funds from the European Economic Area or the European Union structural funds. Compost made from natural biomass - herbaceous vegetation is a valuable fertilizer, which through seedlings grown in the nursery will come back and enrich Žemaitija forests.

 

Project Manager:                                                             Project Partner:

Directorate of Žemaitija National Park                               Telšiai State Forest Enterprise